Dissecting the CBD Hemp Flower

CBD Hemp Flower
CBD Hemp Flower

Dissecting the CBD hemp flower involves actually looking at the entire hemp plant. It is true that the CBD hemp flower is where most of the cannabinoids are, but all the parts of the hemp plant are important.

Table of Contents

Dissecting the CBD Hemp Flower — The Colas

Buds or flower clusters forming at the top of the plant are referred to as colas. The main cola, the apical bud, is the biggest in size.  The smaller colas growing from the nodes remain mostly hidden between all the leaves.  Dissecting the CBD hemp flower involves looking at how the apical bud matures faster because it is on top of the plant so receives a higher degree of light for more hours throughout the day. The smaller colas will mature much slower inhibited by their positioning among the leaves of the hemp plant.

  • Calyxes — These are tiny teardrop-shaped leaves that help to stabilize the bud as it is developing. It also protects the hemp flower from drying out. 
  • Pistils – When pollination occurs, the pistil is the hemp flower’s ovary which eventually produces seeds. The function of the pistils is principally to collect pollen.  The appearance of pistils is like opaque milky white tiny hairs. As the hemp flower opens, they gradually change to an amber hue. 

Dissecting the CBD Hemp Flower – All About the Leaves 

Hemp leaves are long and slender with serrated fingers that grow in pairs from the main stem and/or branches. It is important to distinguish the differences between marijuana and hemp leaves. Hemp leaves have a more-slender shape than marijuana leaves. 

Hemp leaves have an integral role in the hemp plant’s anatomy.  They are the essential part of photosynthesis as they soak up light whether sunlight or artificial light. It is then transferred internally throughout the living tissue of the hemp plant to whatever part of the plant that is needing it. 


Dissecting the CBD hemp flower is important when discovering the sugar leaves. They are covered with trichomes in a dense, whitish coat resembling a covering of sugar, thus the name, sugar leaves. The sugar leaves do have high resin content but are discarded because they are very sticky, and the chlorophyll content renders an unpleasant taste.  The sugar leaves are also great for concentrates because they are laden with the valuable trichomes. 

Dissecting the CBD Hemp Flower – The Trichomes

Trichomes appear to be powdery white hair-like strands to the naked eye.  Take a look at them with a microscope and you will see tiny stems with a mini globe on top. Trichomes are rich in terpenes, the naturally occurring compound which gives the hemp products so much distinction and many of the health benefits.  The mini globes sitting on top the stems progressively grow taller and change from a translucent to an amber hue as it matures.

When dissecting the CBD hemp flower, we see three different groups – bulbous, capitate and non-glandular resembling small little mushrooms. Trichomes are tiny factories that produce cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids.  Another interesting observation here is that the resin which the trichomes produce protects the hemp flowers from the ultraviolet rays of the sun, insects and water loss.

If the trichomes are harvested when they are still transparent the potency will be compromised because cannabinoids are still in the production stage. The flavor, the aroma and the essential oil content are all peaking when the color of the trichomes changes to amber. 

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